Tree Conservation Essay

Tree Conservation Essay

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Tree Conservation Essay

Trees the Most Valuable

Resource on Earth Today

Forests are one of the most
valuable resources on the planet today.  
Without forests it would be almost
impossible for any living thing to survive.  
But, with this in mind many people
destroy forests.  It is as though they
dont even care that they are dooming
themselves as well as the trees.  
Hopefully through this article I can help
save the forest and help human kind, as
well as all other organisms, by telling
how important the forest is and how it
functions.

           What is a Forest?

A forest is more than just a  
bunch of trees growing next to each
other.  A forest is a very complex system
of animals and plants, living in and on
fertile and suitable soil. Forests are
divided up into five different levels or
layers.  These levels are the canopy,  
herb, shrub, understory, and the forest
floor.  The canopy layer is the top layer.  
This is where photosynthesis takes place
and its also where the leafy tops of the
trees are.  This layer is home to a variety
of insects and squirrels.  The next layer is
the understory.  This is made up of
smaller trees and is home to birds and
climbing animals.  The third layer is
known as the shrub layer.  It is made up
of shrubs and vines.  It also provides nuts
and berries.  The next layer is the herb
layer.  This layer is made up of soft green
plants and wildflowers.  Birds, insects,
snakes, and toads also nest there.  The
last and final layer is the forest floor.  
This is the thick fertile soil covered by
twigs, branches, insects and detritus.


        Why are Trees Important?    

Trees are major erosion blockers.  
Their leaves intercept rain and lower the
force of impact the water has on the
ground.  Each tiny rain drop is like a
miniature bomb.  It splatters and washes
dirt away with it.  Tree roots also hold in
soil and keep it from washing away.  
People plant trees on mountain slopes
and other similar places to prevent
mud slides.  This aspect makes trees a
very valuable resource.

Healthy forests serve as
wonderful habitats.  It provides clean
water, food, shelter, and the space that
living organisms need to survive.
Different animals need different
habitats.  The forest gives them this with
a  variety of places to live.  All though
some live on the ground, most of them
live in trees.  Insects live under the bark
and worms, chipmunks, and shrews live
under the roots.  Others such as the
Kentucky Wobbler, Red Tail Hawk, and
a variety of  other birds live in the
branches.  Destroying the forest destroys
their home.  

            How to Help the Forest.  

Stewardship is a program that
was made to care for our forests and
trees.  People who own forests are care
takers for the next generation.  Stewards
put a lot of effort into taking care of the
forest.  They spend a lot of time to make
sure the forest is growing properly.  To
become a steward you must have at least
ten acres of forest land.  It must either be
used for production of wildlife habitat or
for recreation and relaxation.  Being a
steward is a great way to help preserve
our forests.

If a forest or trees must be cut
done there are proper ways to do so.  
They cut forests in three different ways,
these are hygrating, shelterwood, and
clear cut.  Hygrating is only cutting the
best trees down.  Shelterwood means to
cut down fairly decent trees.  Clear
cutting means to cut down all the
trees.  Any tree that is cut down should
be replaced.  I prefer shelterwood,
because it allows for more growth of a
better species.  Sometimes we have no
other choice, but it should be done
properly.

The Beauty of Trees

We use trees for beauty in scenic
nature as well as for beauty in yards,
parks, and other places.  Trees also
purify the air of pollution.  Trees are
sometime used in large cities to lower
noise pollution.  Forests are used for
recreation.  Their beauty attracts many
tourists.  They provide shade on hot days
and allow relaxation.  They are very
lovely in the fall when their leaves are
falling.  Trees can do all this without
being cut down.

They are very important to our
world today.  If we didnt have trees our
soil would be washed away,

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Why you should save your trees

As you cut back on water use during this historic drought, you may not realize the impact this will have on your landscape trees.

Trees in irrigated landscapes become dependent on regular watering. When watering is reduced – and especially when it’s stopped completely – trees will die.

Tree loss is a very costly problem: not only in expensive tree removal, but also in the loss of all the benefits trees provide. Your trees provide an immense range of health, energy, environmental and economic benefits:

  • Trees improve air and water quality
  • Trees provide shade to the landscape and reduce water needs
  • Trees help keep your home cooler
  • Trees slow stormwater runoff and help recharge groundwater
  • Trees reduce soil erosion
  • Trees add value – sometimes thousands of dollars’ worth – to your home and neighborhood

Trees take a long time to grow. Without helping our trees through the drought, we risk losing these benefits. While the drought may not last long, it can harm or kill trees, and it will take 10, 20 or even 50+ years to grow trees and get back the benefits.

How to save your trees

Lawn trees can and must be saved during the drought. What you can do:

  1. Deeply and slowly water mature trees 1 – 2 times per month with a simple soaker hose or drip system toward the edge of the tree canopy – NOT at the base of the tree. Use a Hose Faucet Timer (found at hardware stores) to prevent overwatering.
  2. Young trees need 5 gallons of water 2 – 4 times per week. Create a small watering basin with a berm of dirt.
  3. Shower with a bucket and use that water for your trees as long as it is free of non-biodegradable soaps or shampoos.
  4. Do not over-prune trees during drought.Too much pruning and drought both stress your trees.
  5. Mulch, Mulch, MULCH! 4 – 6 inches of mulch helps retain moisture, reducing water needs and protecting your trees.

What else you can do to save water and your trees:

  • If you prefer, instead of soaker hoses or drip lines, you can put out several 5 gallon buckets with 5 holes drilled into the bottom of the buckets.
    • Set the buckets under the tree toward the edge of the canopy area and use a hose to fill with water.
    • This water will then seep slowly into the ground. The number of buckets will depend on your soil type as well as the size and species of tree.
    • Trees in sandy soils need to be watered more frequently than trees in clay soils.
  • Convert your spray irrigation system to a drip system so you do not have to depend on the manual hose timer. If you want help with converting your system, consult the manufacturer’s manuals and website for your irrigation system or talk to an irrigation specialist.
  • Remove the lawn or sheet mulch the lawn underneath your tree. Trees actually prefer wood chip mulch and the “duff” created by their own leaves. Learn how here.

Helpful Videos from California ReLeaf, Save Our Water and the U.S.Forest Service

California ReLeaf, Save Our Water, and the U.S. Forest Service have partnered together to create two how-to videos to show California residents how to best care for their trees during this historic drought: tips on watering mature trees and watering young trees.

For more information, check out the Trees and Drought Information Flyer and FAQs. 

This information is brought to you with the support of the following organizations: California ReLeaf, California Department of Forestry & Fire Protection — Urban Forestry Division, California Department of Water Resources, California Urban Forests Council , Canopy , Davey Tree Expert Company , Friends of the Urban Forest, Governor’s Office of Planning & Research, Inland Empire Urban Forest Council , Local Government Commission , Oracle Oak Nursery, Sacramento Tree Foundation , TreePeople, University of California Cooperative Extension , Urban & Community Forestry, USDA Forest Service, Urban Tree Foundation , Western Chapter International Society of Arboriculture (WCISA)  and West Coast Arborists.

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