Responding to the challenges of the twenty-first century – with its complex environmental, social and economic pressures – requires young people to be creative, innovative, enterprising and adaptable, with the motivation, confidence and skills to use critical and creative thinking purposefully.
The Australian Curriculum states:
'Critical thinking is at the core of most intellectual activity that involves students learning to recognise or develop an argument, use evidence in support of that argument, draw reasoned conclusions, and use information to solve problems. Examples of critical thinking skills are interpreting, analysing, evaluating, explaining, sequencing, reasoning, comparing, questioning, inferring, hypothesising, appraising, testing and generalising' (ACARA 2016).
- requires you to use your ability to reason
- is about being an active learner rather than a passive recipient of information
- is about rigorously questioning ideas and assumptions rather than accepting them at face value
References and further reading
ACARA. (2016). Critical and Creative Thinking. Australiancurriculum.edu.au. Retrieved from http://www.australiancurriculum.edu.au/generalcapabilities/critical-and-creative-thinking/introduction/introduction
Asian Education Foundation. (2016). Critical thinking can help students become better global citizens. ABC Splash. Retrieved from http://splash.abc.net.au/newsandarticles/blog/-/b/2220872/critical-thinking-can-help-students-become-better-global-citizens.
Agoos, S. (2016). 5 tips to improve your critical thinking. TED-Ed. Retrieved from http://ed.ted.com/lessons/5-tips-to-improve-your-critical-thinking-samantha-agoos
Bach, J. (2013). Teaching Critical Thinking (with Dog Food). Edutopia. Retrieved from https://www.edutopia.org/blog/teaching-critical-thinking-dog-food-james-bach
Bluedorn, H. & Bluedorn, N. (2014). Critical Thinking Toolbox: How to Brainstorm. Edutopia. Retrieved from https://www.edutopia.org/blog/critical-thinking-toolbox-brainstorm-hans-nathaniel-bluedorn
Collins, R. (2014). Skills for the 21st Century: teaching higher-order thinking. Curriculum and Leadership Journal 12(14). Retrieved from http://www.curriculum.edu.au/leader/teaching_higher_order_thinking,37431.html?issueID=12910
Critical Thinking Community. (2015). Critical Thinking in Everyday Life: 9 Strategies. Criticalthinking.org. Retrieved from http://www.criticalthinking.org/pages/critical-thinking-in-everyday-life-9-strategies/512
Dilekli, Y. & Tezci, E. (2016). The relationship among teachers’ classroom practices for teaching thinking skills, teachers’ self-efficacy towards teaching thinking skills and teachers’ teaching styles. Thinking Skills And Creativity, 21, 144-151. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2016.06.001
Hutson, J. (2016). Animations: Critical Thinking. Bridge8. Retrieved from https://bridge8.wordpress.com/2012/01/30/critical-thinking-animations/
Kasten, G. (2015). Critical Thinking: A Necessary Skill in the Age of Spin. Edutopia. Retrieved from https://www.edutopia.org/blog/critical-thinking-necessary-skill-g-randy-kasten
Mikel, B. (2018). Mark Cuban Says This Will Soon Be the Most Sought-After Job Skill. Inc.com. Retrieved from https://www.inc.com/betsy-mikel/mark-cuban-says-this-will-soon-be-the-most-sought-after-job-skill.html?utm_content=buffer9b882&utm_medium=social&utm_source=twitter.com&utm_campaign=buffer.
New York State United Teachers,. (2015). Critical Thinking and Problem-Solving for the 21st Century Learner. Educator's Voice, 8(Spring 2015). Retrieved rom http://www.nysut.org/~/media/files/nysut/resources/2015/april/edvoiceviii_final.pdf?la=en
Popple, D. (2014). PHACT Test for Critical Thinking. Psynetgroup.com. Retrieved from http://psynetgroup.com/phact-test-for-critical-thinking/
Skills you need. (2016). Critical Thinking. Skillsyouneed.com. Retrieved from http://www.skillsyouneed.com/learn/critical-thinking.html
University of New South Wales. (2016). Critical Thinking Guide. Student.unsw.edu.au. Retrieved from https://student.unsw.edu.au/critical-thinking
University of Sydney,. (2016). LEARNING TO LEARN: Developing critical thinking skills. Retrieved from https://sydney.edu.au/stuserv/documents/learning_centre/critical.pdf
University of Technology Sydney. (2016). Critical thinking skills. Uts.edu.au. Retrieved from http://www.uts.edu.au/current-students/support/helps/self-help-resources/academic-writing/critical-thinking-skills
Watanabe-Crockett, L. (2016). The Critical Thinking Skills Cheatsheet. Global Digital Citizen Foundation. Retrieved fromhttps://globaldigitalcitizen.org/critical-thinking-skills-cheatsheet-infographic
Watanabe-Crockett, L. (2018). 28 Question Stems That Improve Critical Thinking Ability. Global Digital Citizen Foundation. Retrieved from https://globaldigitalcitizen.org/28-question-stems-critical-thinking?mc_cid=9c06af7e69&mc_eid=1ce2e534c0
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Garen's in a bad spot. He's not very unique, described as, "a worse Darius", he doesn't have any real pay-off for mastery, and his abilities often lack counter-play, or don't feel good to use. With that said, onto the rework: **Base Stat Adjustment**: Health Regen: _8.34 - 20_ P: **Judgement** Range: _325_ Every _8/6/4_ attacks, Garen's next attack will cause him to spin in a circle, dealing _15 + (2 per lvl) + (60% AD)_ physical damage to all enemies in the area. **Judgement** can critically strike, increasing the AD ratio to _90%_, adding _(1 + bonus critical strike damage)_ and doubling the current base damage. **Judgement** deals _33.3%_ increased, if it strikes a single target. Enemies struck by **Judgement**, have their armor reduced by _25%_ for _6_ seconds. Q: **Decisive Strike** Range: _450/75_ CD: _10/10/8/8/6_ Garen thrusts his sword forward, dealing _55/80/105/130/155 + (100% AD)_ physical damage. Every enemy champion is hit by **Decisive Strike**, counts as an auto-attack towards the activation of **Judgement**. **Decisive Strike** resets Garen's auto-attack timer. W: **Courage** CD: _24/23/22/21/20_ Passively, Garen gains _0.25 armor and magic resist_ up to a cap of 30, for killing nuetral and enemy units. Actively, Garen reduces damage taken by _20%_ for the next _2/3/4/5/6_. If Garen uses **Judgement** while **Courage** is active, the damage reduction is doubled. E: **Perseverance** CD: _14/13/12/11/10_ Passively, Garen gains bonus move-speed,_5/5/10/10/15%_, when walking towards enemy champions. Actively, Garen cleanses himself of slows, doubles his passive movement speed towards champions, and empowers his next **Judgement**. The empowered **Judgement** deals _4 + (1% per 100 AD)_ of the units max health as magical damage, and silences all unit struck for _1.5_ seconds. While this ability is on CD, Garen loses the passive move-speed. R: **Demaican Justice** Range: _700/90_ CD: _120/100/80_ Passively Garen's basic attacks and **Judgement** deal _5/10/15 + (2% AD)_ true damage to enemy champions, that are marked as **Villains**. Enemy champions become **Villains** for _10/15/20_ seconds after damaging an allied champion or structure within 5000 units of Garen. Actively, Garen deals _175/350/525 + (28.6/33.3/40% of target's missing health)_ as magic damage, in target area, damaging enemy champions. If the enemy champion is a **Villain**, _50/60/70%_ of the pre-mitigation magic damage is dealt as true damage. Thoughts? Suggestions?
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