Essay Paper Immigration

Essay/Term paper: Immigration reform

Essay, term paper, research paper:  Immigration

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Immigration Reform


At this time, the United States has allowed more immigrants to enter the
country than at any time in its history. Over a million legal and illegal
immigrants take up residence in the United States each year. Immigration at its
current magnitude is not fulfilling the interests or demands of this country.
With the country struggling to support the huge intake of new comers, life in
America has been suffering tremendously. The excessive stress put upon the
welfare system, overuse of the family reunification laws, and the exploitation
of employment based immigration in the computer industry are reasons for
immigration reform.

The United States welfare system has difficulties supporting the huge
numbers of immigrants coming into the country each year. A majority of the
immigrants are from poor countries and come to the U.S. looking for work. A
research organization called Urban Institute revealed that immigrants use more
welfare and earn lower incomes than natives, which results in immigrants paying
less taxes. The Urban Institute is a non-profit organization that investigates
the social and economic problems of this country. Statistics from a Federation
for American Immigration Reform (FAIR) newsletter shows, ". . . the share of
immigrant households below the poverty line (29 percent) is much higher than the
share of native households that are poor (14 percent)--more than twice as high."
Due to the large numbers of poverty stricken immigrants, they are more likely to
take part in means-tested programs such as AFDC.

Family reunification laws generally do not serve the purpose implied by
their name. These laws create a problem that researchers call chain migration.
According to the FAIR organization, "because of chain migration--one immigrant
sponsors several family members as immigrants, who then sponsor several others
themselves, and so on. Since chain migration began in the mid 1960s, annual
immigration has tripled." Many sponsors have not met those they have helped, or
much less have the desire to be reunited with them. The laws are often used to
further economic goals rather than joining families. People migrate to the
United States with pipe dreams of financial securities. The high rates of
family sponsored immigration from poor countries such as China and the
Philippines rival those of richer countries such as Japan.

Immigration reform not only has a strong following but an equally large
opposition as well. The opposition argues that immigrants create job and do not
take jobs from U.S. citizens. Several studies demonstrate that there is a
positive relationship between states who admit immigrants and employment. One
study found between 1970-1980 Mexican immigration to Los Angeles County was
responsible for 78,000 new jobs. They claim that the U.S. work force,
especially the computer industry, will suffer from the withdrawl of highly
skilled workers. The current unemployment rates are blamed on the relocation of
multinational companies overseas to countries like Ireland and India.

Many big computer companies claim that employment based immigration is
vital for the survival of our economy. They feed upon the myth that the U.S.
computer industry depends on immigrants for its technological edge. In reality,
a majority of advances in the computer field have been made by the U.S. For
example:

...of the 56 awards given for American industrial advances
in software and hardware by the Association for Computing
Machinery, only one recipient has been an immigrant. Similarly,
of 115 computer-related awards given to U.S. engineers by the
Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, only
nine recipents have been immmigrants.

Employers state that they need to go search other countries to find new talent
but the statistics show that their interest lies in finding bargain priced labor.
UCLA professor Paul Ong performed a statistical analysis in 1990 which
determined that the average salaries for foreign born computer professionals
were almost $7,000 lower than American born workers of the level of education.

Immigration is not to blame for the all the country's problems but they
are increasing the effects and making them harder to solve. At the present time
the numbers are too high, creating difficulties for natives and immigrants a
like. With logical policies and better planned numbers, immigration is a good
thing. Policy improvements will help this country regain control of its borders
and better provide for the people. Modest reductions in our immigration
policies are both are fair and ethical. Too much of a good thing does more harm
than good.

 

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Illegal Immigration in the United States, Good or Bad?

Illegal immigration has been an important and serious issue for decades; which affects everyone, both Americans and immigrants themselves. Illegal Immigration has three main purposes: first to find a better life in the “promise land”, second: free healthcare, and third: for criminal activity. Most illegal immigrants come to America with the best intentions for themselves and/or their families, but many others have alternative motives. The thing that must be remembered is that illegal immigration is illegal. It’s all in the name.

“Over 6 million illegal immigrants live in the US- some estimate even more.” (Illegal Immigration) This is astonishing. Six million people could make up a whole suburb such as Mesa or Chandler. Immigrants arrive in America in different ways. One is crossing the border illegally by land. Another way get into the US are by false identities or by stolen, or falsified passports. Another way is by illegal smuggling boats. “Others enter with legal documentation and then violate the terms on which they have been admitted by taking jobs that are not authorized or overstaying the authorized period of stay in the country” (Illegal Immigration)

A bad side to having such a large amount of illegal immigrants in the nation is the crime rate and prison population caused by certain “illegals”. “Illegal immigration is a major cause in the overcrowding of our schools and our prisons.” (Bender, David) Michael Huffington, a former member of the US House of Reps. For California says that, “Many illegal immigrants come for two purposes that are both destructive and expensive: to commit crimes or to receive government benefits.” (Huffington, 63) “For instance, the 18th Street gang in Southern California is one of the nation’s most violent street gangs with a staggering 20,000 members. More appalling is the fact that 60 percent of the 18the Street gang’s membership consists of illegal aliens. The gang’s crimes range from armed robbery to arson to murder.” (Izumi, Lance T.) Other immigrants who come to America illegally get here, and then go to hospitals with no insurance, or may apply for welfare such as unemployment or food assistance. Since welfare comes from taxes paid by citizens of the United States, this practice is highly looked down upon, even despised. Although some illegal immigrants pay taxes through false social security numbers, it doesn’t come close to adding up to the amount spent on healthcare for the population living in the U.S.

Illegal immigration is not always looked down upon, as some say they help our economy, while others say hurt the economy. “Many business owners, on the other hand, are strongly pro-immigration. President Bill Clinton and others who supported the passage of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) believed that the free flow of people over national borders, like that of goods and capital, could only lead to prosperity.” (Bender, 19) Illegal aliens or immigrants can become legal and become worry free citizens of the U.S., by taking the right steps. Although the United States is almost completely against the importation of illegal immigrants to do work in the states, it did happen at one time. “During WWII and until the 1960’s, the U.S. permitted hundreds of thousands of undocumented agricultural workers, mostly from Mexico, to work temporarily in America.” (Huffington, 52) These workers helped out with the work force when most of the men were out fighting for the country.

To sum it up, illegal immigrants are in this country, and many are here to stay. “One side looks at crime. Failing schools and soaring welfare spending and sees too many immigrants. The other sees America, the greatest nation on earth, built on the backs of immigrants and still benefiting enormously from the brains, energy and determination of the nest generation of newcomers.” (Huffington, 71) The U.S. will find a way to keep illegal immigration to a minimum. By reforming policies that crack down on criminal illegals, the crime rate caused by those individuals will hopefully decrease. And perhaps by instituting other policies which help the people who want a better life; and are willing to take the steps to becoming a citizen, will make America not so much of a hide out, but the land of opportunity that is once was less than a century and a half ago.

Works Cited

Bender, David, Bruno Leone, Charles P. Cozic. Illegal Immigration, Opposing Viewpoints. California: San Diego, 1997.

Huffington, Michael. Illegal Aliens, The Immigration Experience. Pennsylvania: Philadelphia, 1997.

“Illegal Immigration is a Crime.” Issue Brief. http/:www.fairus.org/html/04113604.htm. 6 April 2001.

Izumi, Lance T. “Illegal Immigration and Crime.” Capital Ideas: Intellectual Capital from the Political Capitol. 2 September 1997. http/:www.padificresearch.org/capital/97-9-02.html. 7 April 2001.

Word Count: 782

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