Branches Of Government Essay

Three Branches Of Government


Most of the governments are divided into three parts. The three branches of the government were not there from the very beginning. This system was introduced through amendments to the constitution. The aim of creating these branches was to establish a government that was strong and fair. This would also protect the nation from having people that are so drunk with power because o the positions that they occupy. Dividing the governments into three branches was the only way to avoid abuse of power.

Legislative Branch

It is made of two houses. They are the House of Representatives and house of congress or senate. The primary duty of the legislative is to make laws. News laws are written in the Congress. Once new laws are made, they are subjected rigorous discussion. It is at this position that clauses are added or removed from these laws. The United States has fifty states. There are two senators in each state adding up to a hundred citizens. Senators are elected by people. They serve for at most six reelected terms of six years. The vice president is the leader of the Senate. He is however not allowed to vote. They are only given provisions to voting when there is a tie. The Senate is also responsible for vetting all nominees made by the president to fill certain positions in the government. Representatives are allocated according to the population density.

Executive Branch

This branch is headed by the president. It is the branch that is responsible for making laws official. The work of this branch is to offer political advice to the president. They are most influential when it comes to appointing leaders to various posts. They help the president in making the right choices for the people that are available for appointment to various appointment positions. This branch is responsible for discussing treaties and advising the president accordingly on what treaties to enter in. They also discuss various possible actions of the commander in chief of the armed forces. This branch comprises of fifteen heads of major government departments, the vice president and the cabinet secretaries.

Judicial Branch

This is the branch that handles all legal and court systems. Once laws are passed by the legislative, it is the work of the judicial to go through it and give explanations of what the laws mean. The judicial is also responsible for making decisions whether things are constitutional or unconstitutional. They are also responsible for giving new ways of interpreting the law.

In theory, the three branches of government serve to maintain the system of checks and balance, to prevent one branch from having more power, or too much power, than the others. This is to uphold Democracy and to prevent dictatorships and authoritarian government practices, to keep the country free, Capitalistic and Democratically fair to the people. The three branches making up the United States government are the Executive, Legislative and Judicial branches, as seen in the President, the Supreme Court, and Congress. To understand why things are done this way, it’s important to know a little about each branch, what it does and why it is important. This further assures the American citizen that they live in a country run, in theory, by the whole population who select people to represent them, their needs and their challenges.

The President of the United States of America is not the only one running the show. For their time, for at least four years, they are essentially heading the Executive branch of the United States government. Though they are the commander-in-chief of the American military, the President does not have unlimited power to rule the country. The President is intentionally limited in power so as to prevent a regime, where a leader has complete control over every single government entity. The Vice President supports the president in various affairs as part of the Executive branch and becomes a liaison with the Senate. Cabinet members are also part of the Executive branch and assist the President in decision-making and other responsibilities. The President can veto some bills not passed by Congress, which means the President does have certain powers not shared by members of the other branches.

The Supreme Court and its Justices make up the Judicial branch. They determine if certain laws work in correlation with the United States Constitution. The President nominates each Justice, and their positions have to first be approved by a majority of those in the Senate. The Judicial branch makes sure the country’s entire law-making system is done correctly, fairly and in the name of true and fair justice and Democracy. This branch sees that the country is run legally with respect to providing citizens their Constitutional rights. The Judicial branch has the power to decide if certain laws should be incorporated into the life of everyday Americans. Most recently, the Supreme Court Justices determined that Federal bans on same-sex marriages were unconstitutional. Once that bill passed and became a Federal law, individual states were able to vote to determine if they would allow same-sex marriages.

And the Legislative branch, essentially the United States Congress, in many ways collectively chooses the country’s laws and what becomes part of the Constitution, which is always being amended to reflect today’s society, its people, and its needs, challenges, and limitations. The Senate and the House of Representatives make up the Legislative branch of the American government. The Senate has 100 members, exactly two from each of the 50 states; and the House of Representative has 435 members, representing the various districts of the American population (the most populous places get more representatives). Together, they determine if certain bills should be laws to protect the rights of the people.

In conclusion, the three branches of the American government works – and this system has worked for more than 200 years. The system of checks and balances is by no means perfect, as seen in how President vetoes some bills that Congress is unwilling to pass. This, of course, creates mistrust among the various branches, in turn preventing effective cooperation between the departments of the government. Nonetheless, as time goes on, this system will evolve and will one day become the common way governments all around the world will run. It equates to happy citizens who make up a happy, successful and self-preserving society.

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